Answer: The primary author of the bill is the ACLU. The ACLU deserves the credit. The Federal Congress attempted to regulate pornography online twice by passing two statutes. The ACLU was the group that filed lawsuits to cause the Communications Decency Act (CDA) andChild Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) to be struck down for violating the FirstAmendment heightened scrutiny considerations at the Supreme Court. It was the ACLU who argued in Ashcroft v. Am. Civil Liberties Union (2004), the case before the Supreme Court to have COPPA struck down, that filters were the best alternative solution, since filters are“the least restrictive means” to regulate the harmful unprotected speech of pornography online. TheSupreme Court agreed that the ACLU’s filter solution was Constitutionally sound. Now that the majority of states are presenting legislation that codifies the filter solution recommended by theACLU and ratified by the United States Supreme Court in Ashcroft, the ACLU cannot now turnaround and argue that “it didn’t really mean it” when it advocated the legitimacy of filter solutions.