Shortly after Mao's death in 1976, Deng Xiaoping initiated socialist market reforms in 1978, thereby beginning the radical change in Mao's ideology in the People's Republic of China (PRC).  Although Mao Zedong Thought nominally remains the state ideology, Deng's admonition to " seek truth from facts " means that state policies are judged on their practical consequences; the role of ideology in determining policy, in many areas, has thus been considerably reduced. Deng also separated Mao from Maoism, making it clear that Mao was fallible and hence the truth of Maoism comes from observing social consequences rather than by using Mao's quotations as holy writ , as was done in Mao's lifetime. [ citation needed ]
This approach was developed through historical experience. For instance, the desire to keep the democratically elected president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, in office gave rise to the mobilization of millions who demanded an end to the 2002 coup. Since then, as a result of the oligarchy’s and . imperialism’s intransigent opposition to Chavez’s presidency, this demand, while still crucial, has been superseded by more revolutionary demands such as the development of Community Councils, workers’ control over workplaces, and to a growing degree, the nationalization of industry and finance under workers’ control. The experience of the people in fighting for the more minimal democratic demand empowered them to struggle for more revolutionary ones. This is because through their unity and mass struggle, the people were able to grow more confident and more aware of their potential power, what they wanted, and how to fight what they are against.