Writing a process analysis essay might sound dull, but in fact it’s one of the easiest and most engaging kinds of essays you can write. It gives the reader step-by-step information on how something is done or made, like a recipe or an instruction manual. By the end of the essay, the reader should either be able to perform the process themselves, or understand how the process works. Before you begin you should make sure that you understand the process. You should also know what the reader expects to get from the essay. Do they want to brew their own beer, or do they just want to understand how their favorite beverage gets made?
Close reading is deep analysis of how a literary text function; it is both a reading process and something you include in a literary analysis paper. When you read a text paying specific attention to certain literary elements, looking for particular patters, or following the development of a particular character, you are practicing close reading. Likewise, when you watch a film with particular emphasis on a certain element, you are doing a close reading. Of course, when one writes an essay that teases out a certain element, this is the beginning of a close reading. Like literary analysis more generally, close reading is not a means in and of itself. Close reading helps inform the larger meaning or import of a work.