Gear of War
Doom of Glory
Illustrations from Special thanks to colleagues on the AP ListServ who shared their assignments and materials.
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The ogre who has menaced Hrothgar's people for 12 years is a huge, powerful descendant of the biblical Cain, the son of Adam and Eve, who killed his brother Abel out of jealousy (Genesis 4). Cain's name in Hebrew is Qayin, meaning "creature," and, according to legend, the monsters of the earth are his descendants. Grendel is envious, resentful, and angry toward mankind, possibly because he feels that God blesses them but that the ogre himself never can be blessed. Grendel especially resents the light, joy, and music that he observes in Hrothgar's beautiful mead-hall, Heorot. The scop 's "Song of Creation" (90-98) especially enrages him because it tells of the beauty and light of God's creation.